1923 was a good year for Cleveland and its
Jewish community. Though restrictive
Federal laws had choked off the flow of
immigrants from Eastern Europe, those who
had arrived since the Great Wave began in
steadily improving their lot. Their
adult children were forming
families of their own and joining
synagogues. Many opted to join synagogues
where English would be spoken and where
families could sit together. Conservative and
Reform synagogues enjoyed rapid growth.
Cleveland's Central neighborhood,
home to most of city's Jews, began to change
racially before World War I. By 1910 many Jewish families had moved to the
East 70s, 80s and 90s. The movement to newer
housing in the rapidly developing Glenville neighborhood
Oheb Zedek and Anshe Emeth - Beth Tifilo
(today Park Synagogue) moved to Glenville.
In 1923 the last two large "shuls" on
East 55th were moving east: Tifereth Israel
(The Temple) was building its new home at
University Circle; B'nai Jeshurun
had bought land near Mayfield and Lee in Cleveland Heights.
In May 1923 our two Jewish newspapers
reported on Confirmation ceremonies, with the largest classes ever, in
the two Reform congregations. Also having
Confirmations were the two
Conservative congregations: B'nai Jeshurun
and the Cleveland
Jewish Center, and two Orthodox
synagogues: Oheb Zedek in Glenville and
B'nai Israel on the west side.