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1903 - 1950  The first eight decisions about Federation's location.

To note Federation's new building on Euclid Avenue and East 18th Street, the September 17, 1965 Cleveland Jewish News had a supplement that included a brief history written by Samuel Goldhamer, whose service began in 1907 and was Executive Director until he retired in 1948. Our information on Federation's early sites is from that story. For the CJN story, click here.

Federation had eight offices before it built its own home.
We tell about them, and where the Jewish community lived.

Garfield Building 
605 Euclid Avenue

In 1903 most Jewish Clevelanders lived on or near Woodland Avenue, generally between Sterling (now East 30th) and Willson (now East 55th) Avenues. Major Jewish institutions like The Temple and the Jewish Orphan Asylum were on or near East 55th Street. (See Cleveland Synagogues.) The Excelsior Club, later to merge with the Oakwood Club, was on Woodland and East 38th.

Looking east on Euclid Avenue
Left: Garfield Building   Right: New England Building

The newly formed Federation of Jewish Charities had no employees and used the offices of the brokerage firm of Wright, McLoud and Baker in the Garfield Building. (Edward M Baker was the FJC's first Secretary.) The Garfield Building, on the northeast corner of Euclid and East Sixth, was constructed in 1895. It would later be named the National City Bank East Sixth Building.

For a Google Map and Street View™, click here.


1907 - 15
Citizens Savings and Trust Building
850 Euclid Avenue

The Jewish community and its cultural and religious institutions kept moving east. In 1906 Bnai Jeshurun moved from Eagle Street to East 55th. Some Jews were now living east of East 55th Street. In 1907 The Excelsior Club  made a big move east, to University Circle. Its new building would later become Thwing Hall of Western Reserve University.

Federation hired its first full-time staff member, engaging Samuel Goldhamer as secretary at a salary of $20 a week.

In 1907 it moved to its own offices, staying downtown, on the 5th floor and later the 10th floor of the Citizens Savings and Trust Building on the southwest corner of Euclid and East Ninth Street. Built in 1903, the building became the Citizens Building and is now named The City Club Building.

For a Google™ Street View, click here.

Photo 2006 ©

1915 - 1923
New England Building
 (Euclid and East 7th)
Williamson Building  (Euclid at Public Square)

Anshe Chesed (now Fairmount Temple) had moved to Euclid Avenue and East 82nd in 1912, and Mount Sinai Hospital was being built on East 105th. But most Jewish institutions were on or near East 55th Street when Federation moved, first to the New England Building (see above, just east of the Garfield Building) and then west to the Williamson Building at Public Square.

The Williamson Building was demolished in 1982 to make room for the SOHIO (now 200 Public Square) Building. The New England Building survives as the Holiday Inn Express.

Hanna Building - Euclid and East 14th

Few Jews were left in the Woodland area. Oheb Zedek was in Glenville, the Cleveland Jewish Center on East 105th and The Temple was building at University Circle.

In a plan envisioned by Jewish real estate leader Joseph Laronge, in 1921 and 1922 four new theaters opened on Euclid Avenue between East 14th and East 17th streets. The area was called Playhouse Square and also had new office buildings: the Hanna Building (1921) and the Keith Building (1922).

Federation moved to the Hanna Building in 1923.


Photo -

1900 Euclid Avenue

Nearly all the Jewish community had now moved east to Glenville or Mount Pleasant - Kinsman. Some were moving to Cleveland Heights where  Bnai Jeshurun was now Temple on the Heights. The Jewish Orphan Home near East 55th had bought land in University Heights where it would expand its role as Bellefaire.

Federation had a new name: the Jewish Welfare Federation. 1900 Euclid Avenue (now an apartment building) would be its most eastern location.


Chester - East 12th Building

Glenville and Mount Pleasant - Kinsman were now well settled and movement east to the Heights was continuing. Federation would spend 14 years in this building which faces what was called the Chester Commons and is now Perk Plaza.


1950 - 1965
Community Services Building 
1001 Huron Road

By 1950, the migration from Glenville and Mount Pleasant-Kinsman to Cleveland Heights, Shaker Heights and University Heights was underway. By 1960 there would be no Jewish children in Cleveland's schools.

The Cleveland Jewish Center on East 105th had become Park Synagogue in Cleveland Heights. Taylor Road had become a center of Orthodox Jewish life. The Euclid Avenue Temple (Anshe Chesed) had bought land on Fairmount Boulevard and started its long legal battle for the right to build in Beachwood.

Built in 1923, by 1950 the 10 story building at 1001 Huron Road, between East Ninth and Halle's Department Store, was owned by the Federation for Community Planning and called the Community Services Building. It was shared by many social welfare organizations such as United Way and the Girl Scouts. In 1950 the Jewish Community Federation moved into the building's second floor.

1010 Huron Road is now the Huron Square Apartments.

NEXT: The ninth decision - made in 1963